Pineland was a Calusa Indian town for over 1,500 years. Enormous shell mounds still overlook Pine Island Sound. Remains of many centuries of Indian village life blanket the old pastures and groves. Remnants of an ancient Calusa canal that reached 2.5 miles across Pine Island sweep through the complex. Sand burial mounds still stand in the woods. Historic structures of Florida’s early pioneer period still exist. Native plants and animals characteristic of coastal hammocks, pinelands, wetlands, and shell mounds are abundant. Credit Randell Research Center. We strongly urge viewers of our web site to visit the Randell Research Center if you live here or are visiting Pine Island. At the very least please follow the link back to their web site to see the marvelous research they have done regarding the Calusa Indians.