Pine Island is home to four unincorporated towns: St. James City, Pineland, Bokeelia, and Pine Island Center. The town of Matlacha is also considered one of the communities, but is on its own island. Pine Island has that small town atmosphere, with no traffic lights and mostly agricultural zoning. Each community has its own marinas (except Pine Island Center), shops, and casual restaurants. According to the 2000 census, the population of Pine Island is approximately 9000. However, the population increases significantly during the winter season, as Pine Island is winter residence for many people. This section covers the history of these five communities as well as some of the smaller ones, and a few communities that are no longer around.